The European Unions history started in three European communities

The European Union's history started in three European communities:

1951 Paris established the European Coal and Steel Community

1957 Rome established the European Atomic Energy Community and the European Economic Community

1967 June the 1 st all three comunities which had established common institutions started to apply "European Community" term.

European Community oficially became as an European Union after 1993 nowember 1 st, when the Treaty of Maastricht came in force (signed in February 1992, 7 June).

Under the Maastricht Treaty, here are the European Union's three components (pillars):

European Communities (European Coal and Steel Community)

European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)

The common foreign and security policy, cooperation in justice and home affairs.

THE HISTORY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION, IT'S STRUCTURE AND TRIETIES

1952 Treaty of Paris

1958 The Treaty of Rome

1967 Brussels Treaty

1993 Treaty of Amsterdam

2003 Lisbon Treaty

2001 The Treaty of Nice

In 1950 May 9, Robert Schumann, (French Foreign Affairs Minister) presented the idea of ​​the two European countries, an economic union (France and the FRG). This was the beginning of ECSC. The European Union's predecessor - the European Coal and Steel alliance - founders are the following six countries which in 1951, 18 of April Paris, signed the agreement which came into force in 1952, 23 of July:

Belgium

Italy

Luxemburg

Netherlands

France

West of Germanny

1957 march 25, these countries signed the Treaty of Rome (European Economic Community and Euratom), which came into force in 1958 1st of January.

In 1967 are easdtabilished the following general European Parliament (Assembly), the European Commission and European Council.

In 1973 the following countires also joined the European Union:

Ireland

Denmark

United Kingdom

1981:

Greece

1986:

Spain

Portugal

1990:

East German unification of East and West Germany, the EU has expanded the territory of former communist German Democratic Republic.

1995:

Austria

Finland

Sweden

2004 May 1st:

Czech Republic

Estonia

Cyprus

Latvia

Poland

Malta

Slovakia

Slovenia

Hungary

2007 January 1st

Bulgaria

Romania

EUROPEAN UNION

The European Union (EU for short) is a twenty-seven countries economic and political community. Its predecessor is the 1957 Treaty of Rome in six European countries created the European Economic Community (EEC). The 13 EU single currency - the euro. The single European Union country's population - 496 million.

European Union has many different functions, from which the most important ones are joint market, which consists of a customs union single currency (although some countries have maintained their currency), the Common Agricultural Policy and Common Fisheries Policy, and Support.

Languages ​​(23 different):

Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish.

Currency (13 different):

British pound, Bulgarian lev, Czech koruna, Danish krone, Estonian kroon, Hungarian forint, the Latvian lat, Lithuanian litas, Polish zloty, the new Romanian leu,

Capitals:

Brussels, Luxemburg, Strasbourg.

Chairman of the Board:

Nicolas Sarkozy (2008 II Semester)

Commission Chairman:

José Manuel Durão Barroso

European Parliament President:

Hans - Gert Poettering

Area:

4,324,782 km ²

Population density:

114 men. / km ²

Anthem:

Beethoven - Ode to Joy

GOWERNMENT

COMISSION

The European Commission is the EU's executive body, legislature, is responsible for its day to day policies. The Commission shall represent the entire European Union and the Council of opponent, which is owned by Union leaders, who defend their national interests. The Commission also regulates the integration, it is represented by one commissioner from each member country, so the current is number is 27.

Commission chairman and the commissioners are appointed by the Council However, both the However, both the manual and the Commission itself has to be approved by parliament. The European Commission building is based in Brussels.

PARLIAMENT

European Union Parliament consists of half a legislature body. Its 785 members (MEPs) every five years, directly elects EU citizens. Although the European Parliament members are elected on a national basis in the, in parliament they conclude more of the political than the ethnic groups. Each EU state has the number of seats in Parliament (it depends on the size of the country, in non officially - of the impact as well). Parliament and the Council, enacts laws, collaboration and different political positions - by unanimous consent. Parliament also has the right to reject or not to approve the decisions of the European Union budget. European Parliament is led and presented by Speaker of Parliament. The chairman and vice-chairman is elected by parliament every two and a half year.

COUNCIL BOARD

Council: