Free International Law Essays
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Arbitration is the preferred means of means of resolving international commercial disputes mainly because of its perceived advantages over ligation in national courts, including party autonomy, privacy, neutrality, internationally enforceable awards, and procedural flexibility. The laws that govern arbitration in most countries are sourced from local statute, international conventions and, in England for example, the common law. International arbitral proceedings are guided also by increasingly standardised procedures and practices that help to maintain arbitration’s attraction over litigation for many commercial enterprises. This paper examines some of the issues raised (mainly in a European context) in relation to the adherence of
An ENVIRONMENTAL Impact Assessment (EIA) is a way by which we can assess different factors such as impact of environmental health of human ...
The claimants Agim Behrami and his son Bekir Behrami were living in Kosovo (now it is the Republic of Serbia) had filed the application on behalf of another son Gadaf Behrami who is now deceased. By that time, the territory of Kosovo was guided by several nations which was led by French authority and was mandated by the United Nations of Security Council under the Resolution of 1244, 1991. On March 2000, both Bekim and Gadaf Behrami were playing in the area of Mitrovica and found several undetonated
A forest is a terrestrial ecosystem, where communities of plants and animals interact with one another and with the physical environment (World Wide Fund for Nature). They are natural renewable resources. Countries differ in their forest cover, which in turn depends on various factors such as climate, availability of land, population density etc.
Are all human rights universal, or are there some human rights that countries should be allowed to divert from for cultural reasons. Discuss the question referring to the relevant legal provisions and use evidence from the Armenian and other countries context to argue your point.
Academic discourse examining the legal subject in the international community has traditionally endorsed the concept of state sovereignty. States, which held exclusive rights and obligations, were consequently seen as the only subjects of international law, or as entities “capable of possessing international rights and duties and endowed with the capacity to take legal action in the international plane. Such an entity is commonly referred to as an international legal person or as having legal personality.”
Public policy can be generally defined as an .attempt by the government to address a public issue. According to Lord Truro, “Public policy is .that principle of law which holds that no subject can lawfully do, which has a tendency to be injurious
The chief exponent of the theory of consent was Bynkershoek, which was later followed by more refinements by other jurists such as Zorn, Triepel and Anzilotti.  Bynkershoek took the position that the express or implied consent was the source of the basis of obligation in international law, and there was no room for existence of Inter- State law beyond what had been consented by them either expressly or impliedly.  According to these exponents, it is the will of the state that commands obedience both in municipal law and international law. Zorn goes to the
Is the International Court of Justice an effective mechanism for the peaceful settlement of international disputes?
Today, the world is faced with more terror threats than ever before. The ability of non-state actors to project force across the globe is particularly troubling in the context of their potential use of weapons of mass destruction (“WMD").  This is largely viewed as a threat to national security by many nations, and in such a scenario, the self-proclaimed leaders of the world like to play games of hegemony and take matters into their own hands. A classic example of this, as already stated, is the United States of America. Self-defense is the defense mechanism adopted by
1.1 There are several contractual concepts used around the world by governments to permit international oil companies (‘IOC’) to carry out petroleum explorations and, in the event of a commercial discovery, development and production operations. The type of contract selected by a government and the terms and conditions agreed between the signing parties depend mainly on the government policy and the relative bargaining strengths of host countries, which are directly linked to the petroleum potential of the offered acreage and the international oil market situation  .
The first ten years of environment policy from 1970 to 1980 were firstly marked by the risks to deal with individual situations, followed ...
Is it more advantageous for emerging countries to agree international trade agreements with the EU on a bilateral or multilateral basis? Why?
Malaysia believes strongly in active participation in international organizations to strengthen its relationship with other countries in the world. Some of these organizations include the United Nations (UN), Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC), Commonwealth and the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).
At the time of its birth in 1995, there were great expectations for the future of the WTO and its role in the governance of the global economy ...
1. The membership of the UN has seen a quantum increase from 60 to 192 countries since its existence. Barring three countries, all other countries of the world are the members of UN Security Council. Keeping the present status and the distribution of the permanent seats in mind the expansion of the UN Security Council’s permanent membership to achieve equitable geographical distribution is now a primary concern and a top priority. It is also important to realise that the future challenges to global security are not going to be global wars but more of asymmetric type of wars, limited wars, insurgencies
“Bill of lading" is a multiple purpose document; it acts as contract of carriage of goods by sea, as a formal receipt for the goods shipped and as a document of title. The function attributed to Bill of lading is based on ancient customs and usages followed by merchants in trade known as lex_marcatria (law merchants). Following is the brief analysis of law relating to “Bill of lading" i.e. “Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1992", “Hague Visby Rules", which has the force of law in UK by virtue of “s.1 ch.19 of Sales of Goods Act 1971".
The recognition of the existence of traditional customs and laws in Australia has paved the way for increased use and acceptance of indigenous ...
With a view to critically analysing the international conventions on carriage of goods by sea, it is necessary for this essay to consider whether the international community has succeeded or failed to harmonise the law of international carriage of goods by sea. There is a need to consider what is involved with the carriage of goods internationally before considering the nature of international conventions that have been enacted in this regard with a view to achieving greater harmonisation. This means it is necessary to evaluate the conventions that have been put in place in this area including the Hague-Visby Rules
Where there is a conflict between international obligations and national law, the international rule prevails. Under UN General Assembly 1949 and ...
This case is about Dr. Humberto Alvarez-Machain, a citizen of Mexico, was forcibly kidnapped from his home in April of 1990 and flown by private plane to Texas, USA where he was arrested for his participation in the kidnapping and murder of an American Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)