The Birth Control Pill

I came to the decision to research the birth control pill, or contraceptive pill, because my wife and I may change to this technique to prevent pregnancy. Because the pill has side effects and benefits, it is important find out whether taking the pill is safe or not. It is not a 100% contraceptive method, which makes people believe if a woman became pregnant while taking the pill the child may be at risk. It is also important to know how fast a woman gets pregnant after she quits taking the pill. It may be a health risk for women because the pill modifies women’s regular hormone functioning. An analysis of the contraceptive pill exposes negative side effects and positive benefits, and women are willing to take positive and negative side effect to prevent pregnancy.

Having to take the pill is not a simple decision, and women have to be sure that the pill is right for them before taking it. The pill has several risk and benefit factors and it is not a simple contraceptive method. What is the birth control pill? How does it work? What are its side effects? How effective is the pill? I find it intriguing. The contraceptive pill reveals different prospective from women because the pill act differently in most women. Women have different reaction to the pill while other women feel it as part of their normal life.

American media has a significant role on what the average citizen knows about contraceptive methods. The popular knowledge about the birth control pill is not clear because sometimes people who work for the media mix their personal beliefs and scientific beliefs about the contrastive pill. Nonetheless they have contributed to make the contraceptive pill popular among teenagers. Some other people believe that taking the pill is a form of an abortion. It is critical that the public get positive and negative information about the pill in simple words. This way the general population should be able to make an informed decision whether the contraceptive pill is right for them.

Regardless whether the side effects are dangers for women, society has to realize the extremes between what is good or bad for women. Information about the pill should be exposed to the population clearly and without bias.

One of the main confusions is that most packs have only twenty eight pills, and some people say it is a daily pill. The other remaining seven pills are sugar pills, which have no hormones and allow the woman to have her menstrual cycle. Also, other people say skipping even one pill may cause pregnancy or not taking the pill correctly may cause an increase in the probability of pregnancy.

There are others that say birth control pills can cause weight gain, depression, and it must be accompanied with a condom for complete effectiveness. There are some hypotheses that recommend taking the pill at the same hour every day for absolute effectiveness. While the sources of pregnancy are shared by both the man and the woman, women have the final decision on what contraceptive method they want to use. It is understandable that women have the final decision on what contraceptive method they want to use because, ultimately, it is their body.

Some hypotheses indicate the possible association between the birth control pill and strokes, but most scientific studies cannot prove the association. There are some possible correlations between the pill and breast cancer. Some people think that because they are taking a contraceptive pill they are also protecting themselves against sexual transmitted diseases. But the consequences of taking the pill are not all bad. Some women say that taking the pill increases their sexual enjoyment. Some other women believe the pill is magical because not only prevent pregnancy, but also regulate their menstrual cycle.

What is the contraceptive pill?

There are two kinds of contraceptive pills. One is a combined oral contraceptive pill and the other one is a progestogen-only pill (mini-pills). The difference between them is not significant. They both use progestogen hormones and they both prevent pregnancy. They are similar in effectiveness and they are both reversible contraceptive methods. The term reversible means that, once a woman quits taking the pill, she will eventually get pregnant. The contraceptive pill is the most highly accepted form of birth control because it is practical. The pill is small and women have to take one daily. There are many women that even make a relationship between the pill and their daily eating habits, calisthenics or mix the pill with something they usually drink.

Most women are familiarizing with the pill because it is probable that someone that they know is already using the pill. The pill is common among teenagers because they are willing to prevent pregnancy rather than having a kid at such early age. According to Elaine May, today nearly twelve millions women in the United States take the pill (2010). This means that about one out of six women during the motherhood stage take the pill. The pill is accepted during motherhood stage because there is no evidence that if a woman became pregnant while taking the pill the child may be at risk. The number amount teenagers, who use the pill, has been increasing because the pill’s popularity.

The contraceptive pill is a kind of medication that some women take daily to prevent pregnancy. It is an oral (by mouth) contraceptive pill used to prevent pregnancy. This method is a hormonal birth control that prevents a woman’s body from doing its normal ovulation. Contraceptive pills make a woman’s body think she is already pregnant, and therefore prevents ovulation cycle. This is why a lot of women believe they have weight gain as a side effect. It is known that most women gain weight because pregnancy. For most women knowing that the contraceptive pill contain hormones and these hormones make their body believe it is pregnant, it is a good reason for them to gain weight. Some women have report to feel desire for food when taking the pill, but there is no evidence to back up this argument.

According to Knowles and Ringel, the two basic types, combination pills and mini-pills, both contain synthetic hormones similar to those produced by a woman’s ovaries (1998). The combination pills which prevent the release of an egg from woman ovaries, and mini-pills could prevent ovulation but according to Knowles and Ringel, they primarily work by thickening the cervical mucus, creating a barrier that keep sperm form joining with an egg (1998). These two pills are known as the contraceptive pill and they both prevent pregnancy. The mini-pills are those only contain the synthetic hormone creating an impossible habitable sperm atmosphere. In other words, the male sperm is less likely to survive in opaque cervical mucus vital for women’s pregnancy. However the mini-pills are often prescript to women who are younger because their bodies are more likely to welcome the pill better.

Furthermore, the contraceptive pill is the most effective method to prevent pregnancy in the category of all reversible methods. Different birth control methods each have a different rate at which the hormones dissipate, allowing for pregnancy. According to Dr. Karen Trewinnard, the oral contraceptive pill (one of the most popular forms of contraception in the U.S. with an estimated 10.4 million users) prevents ovulation, your body can recover quite quickly after coming off it (1999). Because this method is reversible, it is the perfect option for couples that want to continue having kids in the future. The pill synthetic hormones can dissipate well through a women’s body given her the ability to regularize her menstrual cycle.

The pill allows women to be fertile after a long time using the contraceptive pill which it is convenient for most women in a busy society. While the pill is convenient for many women, some other women think that taking the pill for a long amount of time represent a risk for them. The women’s body can usually recover fast from the contraceptive pill because the pill use hormones just like women’s body use for a proper pregnancy. We speculate how quickly a woman’s body may recover from the effects of the pill. According to Dr. Trewinnard, many women ovulate within a few weeks of stopping the pill, some within 10 days (1999). The ovulation has to come back after a woman quits taking the pill because fertility has to be proper for couples that want to continue having kinds after experience with the contraceptive pill.

How does the pill work?

According to Knowles and Ringel, the pill, Depo-Provera, and Norplant usually work by preventing ovulation (1998). The pill contains hormones similar to women’s hormones. The pill works well because the synthetics hormones are well compatible with women’s body. The synthetic hormones create the perfect atmosphere to prevent pregnancy.

The pill has different hormones to prevent ovulation; their job is to keep the pregnancy effect in a woman who is not pregnant. If it was not for hormones in the pill the women’s body would keep ovulating, and pregnancy would be inevitable.

According to Weschler, as with the cervical fluid, the cervix itself prepares for a pregnancy every cycle by transforming into a perfect “biological gate" through which the sperm can pass on their way to finding the egg (2006). For those who believe that the contraceptive pill is an early abortion, now we can claim that it is an ideal biological process where the male sperm dies before conception.

It is important to know women’s menstrual hormones to understand how the pill works. According to Knowles and Ringel, the four hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle are progesterone, estrogen, LH (luteinizing hormone), and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone)(1998). The four hormones regulate women’s menstrual cycle, but the pill only uses two hormones to prevent the ovulation cycle.

The role of estrogen and progestogen hormones is to make the woman’s body believe she is already pregnant so that the woman’s body will quit its normal ovulation cycle. According to Dr.Trewinnard, the pill contains estrogen and a progestogen (synthetic type of progesterone) (1999). Progesterone is a hormone that a women’s body creates for menstrual cycle and ovulation. When the contraceptive pill is consume by a women the result is enough hormones to make a woman’s body it is already pregnant. However progesterone hormone is necessary to prevent pregnancy when a woman is not pregnant, but it is necessary also for preserve pregnancy for those women who do not produce enough progesterone.

The functioning of the pill seems to be easy but in reality is complex. According to Dr. Trewinnard, the pill inhibits ovulation by sending estrogen and progestogen to the hypothalamus, which then fails to stimulate the pituitary gland to secrete the luteinizing hormone (LH)(1999). The pill is an anticipation of a woman’s ovulation cycle and it prevents the egg from being fertilized. In other words, the pill takes advantage of women’s natural estrogen and progesterone functioning to prevent new ovulation even before an egg may be fertilized. Yes, even before an egg may be fertilize. The pill’s job is not to destroy but to prevent.

According to Weschler, the uterine lining is obstructed from producing a rich site for egg implantation, and the cervical fluid is prevented form forming a wet, fertile quality necessary for sperm survival (2006). This process is important for the contraceptive pill because, according to Weschler, the body doesn’t release the hormones necessary to stimulate the ovary for release of an egg (2006). The pill has achieves its goal when prevents ovulation and stopping the egg form being fertilized in a healthy woman body. It is important to take in count that the pill may act differently in women who smoke.

Contraceptive pill side effects and benefits

There are a lot of myths about possible side effects caused by taking contraceptive pills. Society has always put a taboo around the contraceptive pill. Many women are afraid to opt for this method because their mother and grandmothers told them that the pill could make them face the chronic impediment of becoming pregnant or they could develop others anomalies in their bodies. Even though it is not a factual statement, there are many women who have experienced different symptoms while taking the pill. Symptoms can be headaches, nausea, high blood pressure or dizziness, while for other women this pill has made them feel better physically. Other women experience different symptoms like regularize their menstrual cycle.

Other women could experience positive effects such as less abdominal pain while their menstrual period and less stress after having sexual intercourse. Some women feel more active after taking the pill and it is easy for them to do their daily routine. The contraceptive pill’s side effects are different in each woman; therefore, there are a lot of different judgments with regard the pill.

Regardless the symptoms women opt for this method because it is the most practical way to prevent pregnancy. The pill is well commercializes and it has potential acceptance from women of all ages. Women are looking for something that can be put in their purse and it seems that the pill is the perfect option. Most women understand the pill’s risks but they are willing to take them.

These pills not only prevent pregnancy, but some studies show that they help to prevent some major sicknesses. According to Elaine May, a British researcher who published decisively good news about birth control pills: They lower the risk of ovarian cancer-substantially (2010). The pill lowers the risk of ovarian cancer because the pill takes control over the women’s progesterone hormones, and helps some women to regularize ovulation. Synthetics hormones in this case help women and prevent serious illness.

There are other studies that show threats for women when using the birth control pills. According to a study conducted by Richard K. Riegelman, the results demonstrate a strong relationship between birth control pills and strokes. The investigator concludes that birth control pills are contributory cause of strokes (2005). We need to understand why there is a relationship between birth control pills and strokes. According to Rosenthal, women who use the pill for extended periods of time are at a significantly higher risk of cardiovascular problems (2009). The relationship between birth control pills and strokes includes many women’s health factors and not just the amount of time using the pill. One of these factors is smoking because women are postponing the contraceptive pill’s effect. Healthy women, who smoke, are more likely to get pregnant while using the pill. It seems contradictory but in reality smoking and using the pill do not mix well.

According to Knowles and Ringe, there is no increase in the risk of heart attack or stroke among healthy women who use the pill and who do not smoke (1998). Knowles and Ringe believe that there is no relationship between birth control pills and strokes, but the Elaine May who seems to have proved otherwise. They believe it is a myth because women who smoke have an overall higher health risk. It is critical to recognize that smoking is a serious health problem and it affects women’s body’s ability to prevent some major sickness in the far future. Whether or not there is a relationship between birth control pill and strokes, women who smoke modify their body natural performance.

There is a lot of people confuse about whether the contraceptive pill is a kind of protection against disease. The pill does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)( Knowles and Ringe, 1998). Some gynecologists recommend using condoms for security against diseases. Condoms and the contraceptive pill is a good combination because it gives the certain of free diseases and no babies for both man and woman. Education is the best protection against STDs.

Taking the pill also brings positive views. It is a good alternative because it has some benefits. According to Elaine May, when the pill first arrived on the market, many women reported that it both freed them from the fear of pregnancy and allowed for spontaneity unavailable with barrier methods, making sex more enjoyable (2010). A pill that gives a woman the liberty to become pregnant at their convenient was the major benefits that a woman enjoys since the pill was place into the market.

It is almost improbable to believe that a contraceptive pill will make sex more enjoyable. But according to Rosenthal, Italian researchers found that women who took birth control pills containing thirty micrograms of estrogen and three milligrams of a progestin (called drospirenone) report greater sexual enjoyment and greater frequency of orgasms than they did before (2009). Most women want to hear good news about the contraceptive pill and they not only hear good news but they experiment better sexual interactions.

Taking the combined oral contraceptive pill may actually help to preserve your fertility-the resulting lack of ovulation helps to protect you from ovarian cysts and endometriosis (Trewinnard,1999). There are also some women who take the pill to regulate their menstruation cycle and to become more fertile in the near future. According to Weschler, you must remember that cycles on hormones are artificially induced to be perfect (2006). For many women their menstrual cycle is a pain until they star taking the contraceptive pill. Manny women experience less abdominal pin while having their period. Some women say that the pill’s positive side effects help them to be more relax in the stressful moments.

How effective is the pill?

The pill is effective from the first day as long as the pill is taken the first day of the menstruation cycle. Most people know this contraceptive method as the birth control pill, and that it is effectiveness is about 99.99%. According to Elaine May, many young women use a barrier method along with the pill, either because they don’t consider the pill to be 100 percent effective, or because it does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases (2010). Gynecologists recommend that the pill and a condom should be used within the first seven days for one hundred percent effectiveness.

Some women say that they take the pill everyday at the same hour for better effectiveness, but nobody has proven that taking the pill at a different hour will affect the pill’s effectiveness, unless waiting for twenty four hours or more. It is important to take the pill everyday because women’s hormones are more likely to be active for better effectiveness.

According to Knowles and Ringel, women who take combination pills consistently and correctly- without fail- have a one-in-a-thousand chance of becoming pregnant (1998). Taking the pill correctly is also significant. It is important to read the instructions for the different kinds of contraceptive pill brands because most of the contraceptive pill brands have different instructions for how they should be used and for maximum effectiveness. Smoking also affect the effectiveness of the pill because smoking delays women’s natural body functioning.

There are many women that even set their clock alarms specially to remind them to take the pill. There is a hypothesis that imposes a twelve hour margin for when a woman should take the pill. It is typical to assume that because a pill was taken the day before there are enough hormones. In reality there is not the same effectiveness if a woman skips a pill and the probability of getting pregnant increases.

For better effectiveness of the pill women’s nutrition should be good because anemic women also affect drastically the effectiveness of the pill. Anemic women affect severely the effectiveness of the pill no to become pregnant, but the pill’s side effects may eventually would be worse then women think. Usually women who are anemic are who complain more about the pill than those women who eat healthy.

If a pill is vomited a new pill should be taken. No alcoholic beverages should be drink at least three hours after taking the pill for absolute effectiveness. The pill should never be taken with drinks that contain alcohol or are carbonated because it may affect the effectiveness of the pill. Most gynecologists recommend that if a pill is missed one day, a woman should take two pills the next day at the usual time.

Marijuana, cocaine and many other drugs should never be use while taking the contraceptive pill because they get in the way with ovulation and other synthetic hormones. In the case that the pill fails, serious side effect can be blame not to the pill but to the unlawful drugs. Illegitimate drugs not only affect women’s body to respond to the contraceptive pill but they obstruct the ability of a healthy child. Illegitimate drugs increase the chance of losing the child if a woman gets pregnant.


Regardless of whether the contraceptive pill is the most accepted form of birth control, women are at risk and they should investigate if the pill is right for them. There is no doubt that women are at risk when taking the pill, but for most of them it is critical to prevent pregnancy. It is important to recognize that most women are willing to take the pill regardless of the pill’s side effects. The pill not only manipulates a woman’s hormones but also a woman’s body normal functioning. The pill is not an early type of abortion and it prevents the male’s sperm to reach its destination before conception can be achieved.

The pill is not the solution of women’s problems but it represents the freedom of choice for many women. The pill gives women the liberty choose when they want to get pregnant. The pill has many positive and negative side effect and some women believe it is a magical pill. In reality the pill come in the perfect time for women.

There are no serious side effects if the pill is no use for long amount of time. The threat of having strokes is more probable if the contraceptive pill is use for a long amount of time. However the pill is the best reversible contraceptive method because a woman’s body can quickly become fertile after quitting the pill.

There are also some serious side effects that women have to consider before taking the pill. The pill’s effectiveness is the most persuasive point for women to use the pill. It is important to mention the contraceptive pill does not protect against any sexual transmitted diseases. While the sources of pregnancy are shared by both the man and the woman, women have the final decision on what contraceptive method they want to use. It is understandable that women have the final decision on what contraceptive method they want to use because ultimately it is their body.