Create an OSCOLA Law Case Reference (England and Wales)

Reference a judgment in an English or Welsh law case by entering details of the judgment below

Select a different Source Type See examples

* Required Fields

Enter the name of the case

You must enter the name of the case you wish to reference

Use a Neutral Citation

Enter the name of the court where the judgment was issued or click the button above to use a Neutral Citation if available

You must enter the name of the court if not using a neutral citation

3.1 How are volumes in the Law Report identified?

In order to correctly format the reference we need to know how the Law Report volume is identified. Is there a single volume for each year, multiple volumes for each year, or are the volumes uniquely numbered so that a year is not required to identify the volume?

Enter the full details for the Law Report Citation

Enter the abbreviated name of the Law Report that contains the judgment

You must enter the name of the law report where a copy of the judgment can be found

Enter the Year that the report was published in YYYY format

You must enter year that the law report was published

Enter the volume of the law report that contains the details of the judgment

You must enter the volume of the law report you are citing

Enter the first page in the report that the judgment appears

You must enter first page number where the judgment can be found in the law report

Where referencing the judge in a case enter their surname followed by the abbreviation for their judicial office. Do not use honorifics such as "the Honourable"

Click the button below to generate your OSCOLA Case Reference. Don't worry, you can come back and edit the reference if you need to correct or add any information

Example OSCOLA References for Cases in England and Wales

Example Case Reference (with neutral citation)

Carr v IBC Vehicles Ltd [2008] UKHL 13, [2014] 1 AC 884

Example Case Reference (without neutral citation, multiple volumes per year)

Carr v IBC Vehicles Ltd [2014] 4 AC 550 (HL)

Example Case Reference (without neutral citation, independent volume numbers)

Barrett v Enfield LBC (1999) 49 BMLR 1 (HL)

Example Case Reference (without neutral citation, independent volume numbers, court, judge and paragraph pinpoint)

Barrett v Enfield LBC (1999) 49 BMLR 252 (QB) [22]-[30] (Rimer LJ)

Neutral Citations for England and Wales

Court Neutral Citation
Court of Appeal (Civil Division) [Year] EWCA Civ number
Court of Appeal (Criminal Division) [Year] EWCA Crim number
High Court, Chancery Division [Year] EWHC number (Ch)
High Court, Family Division [Year] EWHC number (Fam)
High Court, Queen's Bench Division [Year] EWHC number (QB)
High Court, Administrative Court [Year] EWHC number (Admin)
High Court, Admiralty Court [Year] EWHC number (Admlty)
High Court, Commercial Court [Year] EWHC number (Comm)
High Court, Patents Court [Year] EWHC number (Pat)
High Court, Technology and Construction Court [Year] EWHC number (TCC)

Neutral Citations for the United Kingdom

Court Neutral Citation
Supreme Court [Year] UKSC number
House of Lords [Year] UKHL number
Privy Council [Year] UKPC number

Reference a different source type