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International Organisations Act 2005 - Summary

428 words (2 pages) Case Summary

16th Jul 2019 Case Summary Reference this In-house law team

Jurisdiction / Tag(s): International Law

International Organisations Act 2005 – Summary

Privileges, immunities and facilities of international organisations

(322 words)

This Act makes provisions concerning various international entities conferring privileges, immunities and legal capacity on them (supplementing the International Organisations Act 1968).

Commonwealth Secretariat (ss. 1-3): The Act does not have retrospective effect on any contracts entered into before the commencement of this Act. “[T]he President and members of the Commonwealth Secretariat Arbitral Tribunal” are added for purposes of immunities and privileges – i.e. the Secretariat is given full immunity like other international organisations. Should the Commonwealth Secretariat Arbitral Tribunal be replaced, the Secretary of State may amend the Commonwealth Secretariat Act 1966 (with approval by each House of Parliament) with a view to conferring the same immunities and privileges to the successor. In addition, Commonwealth Secretariat officers and servants should hereinafter be exempted from income tax for their salaries and emoluments received in their capacity as officials for that organisation (the change does not apply to those who are no longer officers or servants of the Secretariat).

Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) (s. 4): The OSCE is to be treated as an international organisation, regardless of claims that it lacks international legal personality that is separate from its participating states.

EU Treaty Bodies (s. 5): The Crown may confer on bodies created by the Maastricht Treaty the legal capacities of a body corporate, as well as privileges and immunities on such bodies (including persons such as officers, staff or other connected individuals specified in an Order in Council).

International Criminal Court (ICC) (s. 6): The section adds family, household members and persons attending Assembly meetings to the list of individuals covered by the supplementary provisions of the International Criminal Court Act 2001 concerning privileges and immunities.

European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) (s. 7): The section extends privileges relating to international judicial proceedings to members of an ECHR judge’s family.

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) (s. 8): The section recognises ITLOS as an international organisation.

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International law, also known as public international law and the law of nations, is the set of rules, norms, and standards generally accepted in relations between nations. International law is studied as a distinctive part of the general structure of international relations.

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