Disclaimer: This work was produced by one of our expert legal writers, as a learning aid to help law students with their studies.

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not reflect the views of LawTeacher.net. Any information contained in this help guide does not constitute legal advice and should be treated as educational content only.

General Principles of Sentencing | LPC Help

393 words (2 pages) LPC Help Guide

1st Jun 2020 LPC Help Guide Reference this In-house law team

Jurisdiction / Tag(s): UK Law

General Principles of Sentencing

Upon conviction a defendant will be sentenced by the crown court or magistrates court after pleading guilty or being found guilty after trial. You may well have to advice the client as to likely sentence he would face upon conviction, represent him in a sentencing hearing or advise about a successful appeal against trial. The magistrates and crown court can pass a wide range of sentences including custody, community sentence, fine or a discharge. The purpose of sentencing is to reduce crime, rehabilitate the offender or protect the public.

The sentence the court metes out will be based on the seriousness of the offence defined by the defendant’s culpability in committing the offence and the risk of harm caused- s 143 CJA 2003. Before advising your client you must therefore assess the seriousness of the offence by balancing aggravating and mitigating factors. The courts assessment of the seriousness of the offence will determine which of the sentencing thresholds has been crossed and indicate which type of sentence is most appropriate. Aggravating factors will include an offence committed whilst on bail, previous offending, religious or racial aggravation or sexual orientation or disability of the victim.

The Criminal Justice Act 2003 Sentencing Guidelines is the authoritative guidelines on sentencing to be applied by the courts. The Magistrates Courts Sentencing Guidelines is the authority that must be applied by all magistrates’ courts.

Pre sentence report:  this is prepared by the probation officer after interviewing the offender and considering relevant information including the advanced information. The report should be an analysis of the offence and the offenders’ culpability. It would include the offenders’ personal history, previous convictions education, employment and health.  Of particular importance is the probation officers view of the offenders’ risk of reoffending based on the current offence and his attitude to it. Finally the report will usually indicate a proposal in regards to sentence.

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.

Related Services

View all

Related Content

Jurisdictions / Tags

Content relating to: "UK Law"

UK law covers the laws and legislation of England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland. Essays, case summaries, problem questions and dissertations here are relevant to law students from the United Kingdom and Great Britain, as well as students wishing to learn more about the UK legal system from overseas.

Related Articles