Tag: Indian Law

Articles

Mistake is Mainly Error in Consent
11th Jun 2021
Introduction: Mistake in legal sense bears a more restricted meaning than in popular parlance. Mistake, which vitiates a contract, is sometimes referred to as “operative mistake”. At common law mistake of expression, want of mutuality and failure of expression would seem to stand apart from the law of mistake....

Pre-incorporation Contracts and the Promoter
11th Jun 2021
Introduction: In order to do away with these inconveniences, the promoter [5] can enter into the agreements in the benefit of ‘association of persons’ or prospective company; these agreements are known as pre-incorporation contract....

Taxation on Royalty and Technical Services - Indian Law
11th Jun 2021
Introduction: The topic of this research is “Taxation on Royalty and Technical Services”. For the purpose of this project the researcher has used the doctrinal method of research. The doctrinal method is basically the use of books and other research papers on the same and related topic....

Formation of a Company - Alteration of Memorandum of Association
11th Jun 2021
Introduction: Alteration of Memorandum of Association is an important exercise through which the company brings about the required flexibility which is pertinent to its existence and survival as an entity. It is a precondition before the company can initiate any drastic change in its ‘shape or structure’. ...

The need for Section 3(D) of the Indian Patents Act
11th Jun 2021
Introduction: Even though the scope of patent protection was expanded, India was unwilling to threaten its highly developed generic industry by making the Indian Patents Act, 1970 too patent- friendly. Section 3 restricts the scope of subject matter eligible for patentability by listing out what are not “inventions” within the ambit of Indian Patents Act....

Articles 38 and 39 of The Constitution of India
11th Jun 2021
Introduction: Article 39A, inserted by the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act of 1976, imposes a mandate on the state to provide equal justice and free legal aid. This particular provision shall be the focus of this project, as the questions to which we seek answers are:...

In What Ways are Human Rights Protected
7th Jan 2021
Introduction: Historically human rights have been seen to hold essentially against the State of which one is a member. The implementation of international ......

The Reality of Human Rights
11th Dec 2020
Introduction: Human beings are rational beings. They by virtue of being humans possess certain basic and inalienable rights which are known as Human Rights ......

Equity Common Law Appliance in India
3rd Dec 2020
Introduction: Equity, Common law and its Appliance in India: A Study Abstract The scope of this paper is trace the history and development of equity and also ......

Ultra Vires and Third Party Rights
18th Nov 2020
Introduction: Ultra vires in company law is used to indicate an act of the company which is beyond the powers conferred ......

Critical Study of Privity of Contracts
9th Nov 2020
Introduction: INTRODUCTION Only a person who is a party to a contract can sue on it’ or’ a stranger to a contract cannot sue’ is an axiomatic principle of ......

Pre-Incorporation Contracts and the Promoter
4th Nov 2020
Introduction: In order to get the benefits of a ‘corporate personality’, it is very necessary for ‘an association of persons’ to become incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956....

Law of Torts
4th Nov 2020
Introduction: Torts are civil wrongs for which the injured party may seek legal redressal for.” The injured party in case of torts is entitled to claim ‘unliquidated damages...

Conditions for Liquidated Damages
20th Dec 2019
Introduction: Definition Liquidated damages are damages which are decided among the signatories of the contract during the formation phase. They mention the ......

Liquidated Damages
20th Dec 2019
Introduction: a sum which a party to a contract agrees to pay or a deposit which he agrees to forfeit if he breaks some promise and which, having been arrived at by a good faith effort to estimate in advance the actual damage which would probably ensue the breach, are legally recoverable or retainable as agreed damages if the breach occurs...

The Powers of Revision
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: Article 21 of the Constitution states that, “no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.”...

Illegal Search and Use of Evidence
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: Search and seizure is a legal procedure whereby police or other authorities and their agents, who suspect that a crime has been committed ......

National Green Tribunal Act
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: The Law Commission of India in its 186th Report recommended that the government needs to constitute special Environmental Courts, to deal with ......

Indian Right to Information Act
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: The Right to Information Act, 2005 provides a mechanism to the ordinary Indian citizen to access information relating to public authorities. The ......

Inherent Jurisdiction of the Civil Court
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: The inherent power of the court to exercise its procedural jurisdiction to avoid injustice and ensure efficiency in litigation has long been ......

Restitution under CPC
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: Restitution is an ancient institution which has had an established position in the history of law and justice....

Theory of Legitimate Expectation
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: The theory of Legitimate Expectation is one of the core branches of Administrative Law. Its origin was very recent and was adapted to a long list ......

Judicial Review Under Article 356
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: Article 356 of the Constitution was one of the most keenly debated and discussed in the Constituent Assembly. In the words of Dr. Ambedkar “such ......

Role of British Governance in India
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: The project involves analysis of the topic in a historical as well as modern context. The method used is doctrinaire method. Several books ......

The Doctrine of Substantive Ultra Vires
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: Topic concerned: For the purpose of making project in the subject Administrative Law, a very distinct and important topic has been taken as the cen......

A Bankers Right to Set Off Money
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: A set-off is generally in the form of a cross claim for a liquidated amount and it can be pleaded only in respect ......

Analysis of the Concept of Patent Linkage
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: Intellectual property law has never been uncontroversial, and patent law in particular has been the subject of heated debate. Patent Linkage is ......

Human Rights Approach to Adequate Housing
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: The eviction of the slum-dweller not only means his removal from the house but the destruction of the house itself…[it] is the end of all that ......

Waging a War Against the State
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: The project report aims to study how and under what circumstances the law relating to what amounts to waging a war against the state applies. The ......

Police Discretion Within Criminal Procedure
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: The Indian police were established by the Police Act of 1861, which invested the organization with responsibilities of “crime prevention ......

Law and Poverty Project – Street Vendors
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: SUBMITTED BY- JHALAK KAKKAR NO. 207069 4TH YEAR, 8TH SEMESTER THE WEST BENGAL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF JURIDICAL SCIENCES, KOLKATA The urban poor ......

Judicial Review of the Order of Reference
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: The current topic under research is Judicial Review of the Order of Reference under Section 10(1) of the IDA. While dealing with the topic ......

Inherent Powers of the Court
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: There exists an age-old and well-established principle that every court has power to act ex debito justitiae to do that real and substantial ......

An Analysis of Collective Bargaining
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: Article 19 of the Constitution of India enumerates the essential freedoms/ liberties that are to be guaranteed to every individual ......

Doctrine of Colourable Legislation
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: Federalism is one of the basic feature of Indian constitution. By virtue of this power the constitution envisages a demarcation of governmental ......

Framework of the Constitution of India
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: This paper traces the provisions and framework laid down in the Constitution of India with regard to formation of new states and alteration ......

Pre Conceived Notion Bias
20th Aug 2019
Introduction: 'Justice should not only be done, but also manifestly and undoubtedly seen to be done.' -by Lord Chief Justice Hewart in R v Sussex Justices ......

Bribery and the Contract Act 1950
19th Aug 2019
Introduction: As an agent to his principal, he is responsible not to make any secret profit out of the performance of his duty. Secret profit can be defined as ......

Terrorism and Human Rights
19th Aug 2019
Introduction: One of the main issue faced by the world is terrorism. We see the terrorists taking innocent lives live on our television. So do we really need ......

The Hindu Succession Act
19th Aug 2019
Introduction: INTRODUCTION The term Hindu Undivided Family has not been defined under the Income Tax Act? It is defined under the Hindu Law as a family that ......

A Trademark Is a Distinctive Design
16th Aug 2019
Introduction: A trademark is a distinctive design, sign, picture, logo, emblem or wording affixed to a particular good for sale to identify the manufacturer as t......

The Communal Violence
16th Aug 2019
Introduction: Communal violence threatens the secular fabric, unity, integrity and internal security of a nation. With a view to empowering the State Governments and the Central Government to take effective...

The Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
16th Aug 2019
Introduction: The constitution of India provides regular appeal to the SC from decisions of the high courts in Article 132-134, but still some cases where ......

Refinement of Doctrine of Natural Justice
16th Aug 2019
Introduction: Natural justice is a legal philosophy used in some jurisdictions in the determination of just, or fair, processes in legal proceedings. The ......

Examining Criminal Procedure Code
16th Aug 2019
Introduction: The law relating to criminal procedure applicable to all criminal proceedings in India is contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1998. The ......

The Doctrine of Res Gestae
15th Aug 2019
Introduction: Statements that constitute part of the res gestae are attributed a certain degree of reliability because they are contemporaneous,......

The Accountability of the Judiciary
15th Aug 2019
Introduction: “Ironically the Higher Judiciary in India has powers of control over every organ under the Constitution but there exists no effective method ......

Labour Law An Analysis of Illegal Strikes
14th Aug 2019
Introduction: This paper will try to make an analysis of the understanding of illegal strikes as it has evolved over time and what its status is at present ......

Prevention and Control of Water Pollution
14th Aug 2019
Introduction: The writ petition was accompanied by the report of the Expert Committee called 'Report on Environmental Impact of Mathura Refinery' (Varadharajan Committee) published by the Government......

When a Contract Has Been Broken Remedies
14th Aug 2019
Introduction: What is a Contract? The term contract is defined in section 2(h) of the Indian Contract Act, 1872, as follows: An agreement enforceable ......

History of Indian Womens' Right to Property
14th Aug 2019
Introduction: The legal reforms have not been adequate to give all Indian women a right to property on the same terms as male – Do you agree with the ......

Section 10 of Trade Unions Act
14th Aug 2019
Introduction: In this age of extensive industrialisation and commercialisation, trade unions play a very important role in determining and safeguarding the nature ......

Circumstantial Evidence Witness
14th Aug 2019
Introduction: Circumstantial Evidence Witness. Evidence means in any suit or proceedings of existence evidence is very important aspects. Such as if any body wants to know about a relevant fact that is by the evidence. The best proof is what he perceives through his own senses. In evidence documentary is primary evidence....

The Negotiable Instruments Act 1881
14th Aug 2019
Introduction: Introduction Negotiable instruments, it is seen have a great significance over the modern business world. It has to be noted that these ......

Can Generic Trademarks be Protected?
14th Aug 2019
Introduction: The purpose of this Note is to analyse the law relating to the trademarks, which are composed exclusively of generic terms or are descriptive of the nature of the goods or services and are in no way distinctive of the manufacturer or the service provider,...

Labour Law and the Right to Strike
14th Aug 2019
Introduction: It is settled position of law now that right to strike is not recognized as a fundamental right under Article 19 of the Indian Constitution. This ......

Labour Law and Right to Strike
14th Aug 2019
Introduction: Right to strike has been an intricate aspect of Labor laws. “Its origin can be traced back to the epoch of socialism. It was during this time ......

What is Performance of an Existing Duty
13th Aug 2019
Introduction: In the view of the traditional, performance of an existing duty should not constitute consideration. Sometime, one person makes a promise for another to exchange for other person promise or something that the person......

Law Is Basically Divided Into Two Categories
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: CRIMINAL LAW: The sole aim of the criminal law system is to punish the accused, and not to directly compensate the victim of a crime. A criminal......

The Sale of Goods Act 1930
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: INTRODUCTION The Sale of Goods Act, 1930 governs the contracts relating to sale of goods. It applies to the whole of India except the State ......

Terms and Conditions of Subcontract Works
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: The subcontract works shall be executed in accordance with the main contract tender documents, specifications, conditions of contract, letter of acceptance and......

Role of Communities in Environmental Decisions
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: the public must be considered to have a right, analogous to a beneficial interest, in the condition of the air and water and to be able to obtain information on how far they are being degraded....

Proper Investigation is Fare Judgement
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: Mankind has shifted from the state of nature towards a civilized society.. award of punishment following conviction at a trial in a system ......

Bouncing of Post Dated Cheques
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: INTRODUCTION CONCEPT OF A POST-DATED CHEQUE According to S.6 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 (herein after called ......

An Overview of Guarantees as a Contract
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: Introduction The term ‘guarantee’ has been defined by the Black’s Law Dictionary simply as the assurance that a contract or a legal act will ......

Bank Officer’s Confederation v. Dhanalakshmi Bank Ltd
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: The term member has been defined under Sec. 2(27) and Sec. 41 of the Companies Act, 1956. Under Sec. 2(27), the word member is defined in a very comprehensive manner and in relation to a company includes every type of member...

Need For National Company Law Tribunal
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: The Companies Second Amendment Bill (2002) has been passed by both the houses of parliament and has also received assent form the President ......

Common Law in Nepal
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: Prior to the unification of all various small kingdoms into single unified country by King Prithivi Narayan Shah Dev, during 1768(1825 Bikram Samba......

Provision For Legal Aid in CRPC
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: Legal Aid implies giving free legal services to the poor and needy who cannot afford the services of a lawyer for the conduct of a case or a legal ......

Analysing General Insurance Business in India
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: Preface Decision making is a fundamental part of the research process. Decisions regarding that what you want to do, how you want to do, what tools......

Corporate Personality
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: The legal use of the word ‘person’ has attracted an assortment of theories which is probably second to none in volume. ‘Person’ in law, is both the recognition of an entity as well as the acknowledgement of such an entity’s...

Papering Over the TS Kelawala Cracks
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: One question were really involved in the nineteen century in industrial premises that whether the workmen who proceed on an strike, whether ......

The Attempt and Not the Deed Confounds Us
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: 'The attempt and not the deed confounds us.' -Macbeth-II These words pinned down by Shakespeare are true to the law of attempt as well. The law......

The Essential of Lawful Consideration
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: Section – B All the agreements are not enforceable by law and, therefore, all agreements are not contracts. Some agreements are enforceable ......

Legal Education
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: Globalization[1] as the diminution or elimination of state-enforced restrictions on exchanges across borders and the increasingly integrated and complex global system of production and exchange that has emerged as a result....

Interpretation of the Industrial Dispute Act
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: A controversy or dispute is a matter of opinion over which parties actively disagree, argue, or debate. Controversies can range in size from ......

Power of Labour Courts and Tribunals
12th Aug 2019
Introduction: The law relating to labour and employment in India is primarily known under the broad category of 'Industrial Law'. Industrial law in this country ......

Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: Judicial review is an essential component of the rule of law, which is a basic feature of the Indian Constitution, which is inherited from ......

Article 44 of the Constitution of India
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: The state shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India. The Article seems to have been ......

The Law of Inheritance in Bengal
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: The Dayabhaga System Introduction The law of inheritance and successions in India finds its statutory roots in the Hindu Succession Act, 1956. The ......

Admissibility of Evidence Recorded
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: This research paper attempts to briefly trace the creation and progress of the exclusion rule of hearsay evidence in common......

Explain If the Letter of Acceptance Is Valid
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: On the 29th October 2010, Steven advertised in the New Focus Paper, “Yamaha Piano latest model, excellent condition, RM15,000, interested please ......

The National Green Tribunal Act
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: Term Paper Environment and Climate: Law and Policy Submitted By: Niyati Naudiyal M.Sc. Environment Studies Semester I TERI University Highlights of......

Corporate Governance in the Banking Sector
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: Corporate governance deals with the ways in which suppliers of finance to corporations assure themselves of getting a return on their investment....

Prohibition of Strikes and Lock Outs
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: This section deals with employment in the public utility service and the requirement of due notice in writing for the commencement of a strike or ......

The Legal Position of Telephone Tapping
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: The above two quotes highlight the contentious issue of telephone tapping which has remained with the legal system for a very long time, and has ......

Global Legal Education and India
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: Legal Education has traditionally been a neglected area, in India. It is one area where there has not been any fundamental change during the last ......

Abolition and Absorption of Contract Labour
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: A Contract labour is a workman employed in or in connection with the work of an establishment when he is hired in or in connection with such work ......

The Process of Impeachment of Judges
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: Having completed 60 years of our Constitution being in force, India’s literati has been prone to introspection on the seeds sown on the day ......

White Collar Crimes
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: The Santhanam Committee report for the first time attached great importance to the emergence of offences and mal-practices known as “white-collar” crime, which was also acknowledged by the 29th Law commission report in 1972....

Instances Where Influence Is Undue
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: Section 14 of the Indian Contracts Act states that consent is said to be free when it is not caused by coercion, undue influence, fraud ......

Law of Evidence Exceptions
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: This research paper is mainly concerned with discussing the best evidence rule in the context of Sections 91 and 92 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872......

Exceptions to the Burden of Proof
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: This instant work is an outcome of a doubt which arose in my mind when for the first time I read section 104A of The patents Act, 1970 which talks ......

Right to Adequate Housing in India
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: Malnourished babies, wasted mothers, emaciated corpses in the streets of Asia have definite and definable reasons for existing. Hunger may have ......

Stare Decisis and Doctrine in India
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: Case law, so called, or the decisions of the courts serve as a very important source of law, especially in countries following the common law ......

Rule of Law Offers Protection for Citizens
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: Law protects a society from anarchism . It is a set of conducts that is established and enforced by a sovereign authority to ensure and maintain ......

Corporate Frauds World Over
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: Corporate frauds world over, are extremely dangerous gambles the corporate executives or employees for a variety of profit maximizing motives encouraged by poor corporate governance mechanisms....

Extrinsic Evidence
8th Aug 2019
Introduction: In order to give effect to the words used in the will and when meaning of these words and their application cannot be ascertained without knowing......

Quality of Invention and its Patentability
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: It is interesting to note that the Indian Patents Act, 1970 (herein after called ‘the Act’) doesn’t give an elaborate definition of a ‘patent’. It merely says...

Closed Shop or Agency Shop Agreements
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Trade Union is a voluntary association of employees. Considerable number of employees can form a trade union; and they are required to abide ......

Code of Civil Procedure
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Critically Analyse the Principle of Injunctions with Reference to the Code of Civil Procedure Black’s Law Dictionary defines injunction as ......

High Courts Power of Revision
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: As the code says that there is no right to appeal in every case and it is confined to such cases as are specifically provided by the law. Even in such specified cases the code allows only one appeal and a review of the decision of the appellant court...

Person Should Abide by his Agreements
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: INTRODUCTION The underlying moral principle behind the law of contracts is that a person should abide by his agreements and fulfil his promises ......

Employment Bond
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: All of us are aware of the high attrition rate prevalent in knowledge industries particularly, Information Technology (IT)....

Advise Juliet, Mercutio, Romeo and Tybalt
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: In order to establish whether the different elements of Romeos estate have been adequately disposed of, the question of certainty must be assessed...

Inability to Pay Debt by the Company
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: In this case, the Supreme Court of India has added another dimension to the never ending debate over the misuse of Section 433(e) of the Companies Act which ......

Right to Privacy: The Indian Perspective
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: 'Man’s house is his castle.' Above well-known proverb is now getting legal recognition as Right to Privacy. Human beings have a natural need ......

Patent Technology Devices
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Patent Technology Devices - The patent scheme is designed to protect technology devices, actual machines, and new chemical biotechnological/nano-technological compositions rather than pure concepts...

Role of Speaker in Tenth Schedule
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Constitutional Law II Introduction Don’t throw away the baby with the bath water. In the 21st century, coalition is the dominant form of ......

Promissory Estoppel in Tax Laws
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: One of the impending problems that confront taxpayers in their relationship with the Tax Department revolves around the credibility ......

A Detailed Study of the Laws of Sale of Goods
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: The method of research adopted for this particular project and study is doctrinal in nature. As the project is a case comment on the case of Central National Bank Ltd. v. United Industrial Bank Ltd......

An Enquiry into the Prisoners' Right to Vote
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Imprisonment must remain as a means to an end and not an end in itself. Punishment should be a means to reform and not to alienate. The object of ......

The Concept of Share Capital
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: INTRODUCTION Before beginning any business, an entrepreneur will need to raise resources, or capital, as investment, and the amount of capital ......

Life Approach to Environmental Protection
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Environment and life are interrelated. Our lives depend on natural resources such as air, water, and land. Environmental destruction threatens survival; conversely, human rights violations can cause environmental degradation,...

Contract Breaches and Validation
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: In todays business environment, it is crucial that managers become familiar with business law, especially for those who ......

Judiciary and the Supreme Court
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Judiciary which protects our legal rights and punishes the wrong-doers has a long glorious history and well-founded legacy in Bangladesh. Courts ......

Banking Law and Debt Recovery
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: The social construct of earlier times ensured that borrowing was an act which was frowned upon. In fact, stringent measures were often taken ......

Trademark Dilution and Indian Courts
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Introduction Definitions Trademark dilution with case laws Role in India Conclusion A trademark is a distinctive design, sign ......

Declared Areas to Disturbed Areas
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: If, in relation to the State of Jammu and Kashmir, the Governor of that State or the Central Government, is of opinion that the whole or any part ......

Restitution under Civil Procedure Code
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: “Any civilized system of law is bound to provide remedies for cases of what has been called unjust enrichment or unjust benefit, that ......

That of a Creditor Debtor
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Introduction A banker, in addition to his primary functions, renders a number of services to his customers. After the account in the bank ......

Misconduct as a Ground for Termination of Employment
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Misconduct has not been defined either in Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 or in Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act 1946.Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary gives the meaning of misconduct as unacceptable behaviour......

Defining a Trade Union
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Trade unions emerged as a result of the perpetual conflict between the employer and the employee and the inability of the employee to obtain basic ......

Analaysing Important Legal Issues in VRS
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Corporate is a socio- economic identity surrounded by its environment. It operates under the influences of numerous external factors such as social......

Electronic Government
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Electronic Government has become one of the most important issues in the transformation of the public sector in many countries and so new dispensation of e-governance requires new set of laws....

Maintenance of Discipline at Workplace
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: Maintaining discipline in the workplace is the duty and right of the employer. He draws up the rules on the workplace conduct and makes sure that ......

National Juridical Sciences Property Law
7th Aug 2019
Introduction: In India, prior to 1862, there was no application of law of limitation. ‘The English law of limitation, as per 21 James I C and 4 Anne c 16(1)...

Foreign Awards and Foreign Judgments
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Prior to 1937, foreign awards and foreign judgments based on foreign awards were enforceable in British India on the same grounds and in the same circumstances as they were in England under the common law, on the grounds of justice, equity and good conscience....

Khap Panchayat
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: The Khap is an ancient concept which has written references found back from the Rig Vedic times.�...

Bayer Corp Versus Union of India
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Factual Matrix and Background of the Case This writ petition was filed by Bayer Corporation and Bayer Polychem (hereinafter referred ......

Constitutional Law
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: To understand the applicability of the Constitutional Provision for grant of special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court, it is necessary to understand the constitutional provisions for appeal to the Supreme Court....

Importance of Cause of Action
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Introduction The term Cause of Action refers to a set of facts or allegations that make up the grounds for filing a lawsuit. A Cause of Action ......

Analyse the Powers of Revision and Appeal
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: INTRODUCTION Article 21 of the Constitution states that, “no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according ......

Higher Judicial Appointments in India
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Over the years, there was a tradition of appointing judges of the Supreme Court of India largely on the basis of seniority. However when ......

Effect of Disability on Limitation Period
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: INTRODUCTION: The Law of Limitation prescribes the time-limit for different suits within, which an aggrieved person can approach the court for ......

Recognition of Trade Unions
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: I] DEVELOPMENT OF TRADE UNIONISM Background: Trade Unions are the group’s set-up with the aim of trying to create fairness and job security in a ......

Directors and the Twilight Zone
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Corporate governance is nothing but supervision of the management of a company and managing the risks arising there from so as to carry out business......

Drug Abuse
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Drug abuse is a serious social problem. The drug abuse is growing and an ever increasing number of youth is becoming addicted....

Evolution of the Right to Privacy
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: 'A Man's house is his castle.' Above well-known proverb is now getting legal recognition as Right to Privacy. Human beings have a natural ......

History of the Indian Contract Act 1872
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: The Indian Contract Act brings within its ambit the contractual rights that have been granted to the citizens of India. It endows rights, duties ......

Who is a Public Prosecutor?
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Section 2 (u) of the Code of Criminal Procedure describes, who is a public prosecutor— There are several classes of public prosecutors ......

The Special Leave to Appeal
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: The Indian constitution provides for regular appeals to the supreme court from decisions of the high court’s in article132 to134 , there may ......

Reservation Issue on the Right to Equality
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: The issue of reservation is one of the debateable topic among the realm of constitutional scholars. When contrast with the notion of equality ......

Corporate Governance in Telecommunications
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: This research study is based on an analysis of the different corporate governance systems followed by the Telecommunication Companies in the UK....

Res Judicata and Code of Civil Procedure
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Laws of every land are based on principles. These principles govern the entire realm of jurisprudence in a country. These principles guide ......

Directors are the Core of the Company
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Introduction: From the very beginning of the company establishment, board of directors comes into existence and they are the people who manages ......

Bommai Versus Union of India
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: The case of S.R.Bommai vs Union of India1 is a very landmark case in the purview of the Indian Constitutional history relating ......

Research into Transfer of Shares
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: The topic under research is 'transfer of shares' now before understanding the transfer of shares and the technicalities associated with the law......

Provisions of Motor Vehicles Act
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: OBJECT OF THE PROJECT The project is an endeavor to accomplish a detailed study of the provisions of Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 dealing with ......

The Doctrine of Waiwer
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Waiver proceeds on the basis that a man not under legal liability is the best judge of his own interest and if with knowledge of a right or ......

System of Patent Linkage in India
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: This article proposes to analyze the current status of patent linkage in India, in light of the Hon’ble Delhi High Court and Supreme ......

Multi Tier Arbitrations and its Validity
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Settlement of disputes through arbitration has been there since times immemorial. Historical legal literature tells us about the ancient system of ......

Judicial Control and Exercise of Discretion
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: The transformation of the philosophy of state in the twentieth century from lassie faire to welfare has augmented the state’s responsibility ......

A Real Bailment Contract
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Take a real bailment contract of a transaction of a company and relate it to all the provisions available in Indian Sales of goods Act regarding this contract....

Judiciary Exercising Executive Functions
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: John Marshall, the Chief Justice said on the role of the Court: “We must never forget that it is the Constitution that we are expounding ......

Problems in Judicial Accountability
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: In a Democracy, the Constitution is supreme which resolves to secure to all its citizens Justice. The judiciary is thus, appropriately one of the ......

Hindu Undivided Family Hindu law
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Introduction The term 'Hindu undivided family' has not been defined in the Income Tax Act. 'Hindu undivided family' was included with ......

Importance of a Witness
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Witness is an important constituent of the administration of justice. By giving evidence linking to the charge of the offence the witness performs......

Ethics in Dealing With Minority Shareholders
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Introduction: The evolution of business ethics in the last few years has been accomplished in parallel to the political, social and economical ......

The Membership Company Act of 1956
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: The member or shareholder of the company is the person who collectively constitutes the company as a corporate entity. The term member shareholder ......

Case Comment TDM Infrastructure Private
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Rishabh Garg 3rd BSL LLB ILS Law College, Pune The recent judgement of the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in the case of TDM Infrastructure......

Memorandum of Association Companies Act 1956
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: The memorandum of association is a document of great importance in relation to the proposed company. It contains the fundamental conditions upon ......

Company Secretary in Good Corporate Governance
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Corporations, whether by family firms or state enterprises, work within boundaries set by law, by regulations, by those who own and fund them and by the expectations of those they serve. The nature of these boundaries varies from country to country and undergoes crucial changes through time. That is why there can be no single ......

Inheritance Under Traditional Hindu Law
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: One of the most significant ideas behind the evolution of family was to provide security to the members. The joint and undivided Hindu family is ......

Indian Legal and Constitutional History
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: The Governor Generalship of Lord Cornwallis which extended from 1786 to creative constitutes a very remarkable and a highly creative period ......

Joint Ventures in General
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: A ‘joint venture’ can be generally defined as an enterprise, co-operation, partnership, formed by two or more companies or organizations, at least one of which is an operating entity that wishes to broaden its activities,...

Critical Analysis of Securitization in India
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: 1.1 The financial sector in India has witnessed a series of reforms and changes since 1991, that is, the period in which the government ensued ......

Enforcement of International Arbitrary Awards
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: While arbitration can resolve various kinds of disputes it hardly can be more important to any other form dispute resolution other than commercial dispute resolution; especially in a further globalised world...

Legal Aspects of Marine Insurance in India
6th Aug 2019
Introduction: Dr. Sunil Kumar Agarwal , Prof. Navin Shrivastava , Amita Agarwal Abstract Marine insurance is an important component of international trade and......

Setting Aside an Arbitral Award
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: Like other ways of dispute settlement, the process of arbitration, to work effectively needs the support of the system of law. Earlier, the ......

Data Protection Laws in India
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: Abstract In today’s world as everything is going to connected through internet every time when data is provided to a service provider or a firm ......

Summary of the Income Tax Act
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: Section 9 of the Income Tax Act, 1961(hereinafter referred to as ‘Act’) is a sort of a legislation which may be extra-territorial, and time ......

Advertising Laws in India: An Overview
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: We, therefore, hold that 'commercial speech' is a part of the freedom of speech and expression guaranteed under Article 19(1) (a) of the constit......

The Abuse of Administrative Discretion
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: Administrative Law has undergone a rapid expansion in the past six decades since its inception in Independent India. After India became free ......

Relevance in Administrative law
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: The importance of any case law can only be understood by appreciating the facts and the role of the concepts of Rule of Law and Separation of Powers as dealt by Judges of Supreme Court in the case......

Supreme Court Reviewing its Own Judgments
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: To perpetuate an error is no virtue but to correct it is a compulsion of judicial conscience. -M.S. Ahlawat v. State of Haryana The ......

Transfer and Transmission of Shares
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: Introduction Shares are like any other goods. A purchaser gets no better title than the seller . The capital of a company is divided into a number ......

Politicians, Police and Criminal Nexus
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: In India, kings were above the law. That was prior to the Britishers coming in. After independence, and with the Constitution coming into force......

Intellectual Property Rights and Plagiarism
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: Abstract In today’s knowledge driven economy, information generation and R&D have assumed key importance in determining the public perception ......

New Tools Of Criminal Investigation
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: Investigation is a very important part of any criminal proceeding and we have seen that all through the development of criminal administration ......

Offences Under the NDPS Act
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: Drug abuse is a serious social problem. The drug abuse is growing and an ever increasing number of youth is becoming addicted. The smuggling ......

Relief and Prevention of Mismanagement
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: 'It’s better to be alone than in bad company' -George Washington. Corporate democracy is reckoned with the number of shares one has ......

Doctrine of Constructive Notice
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: Section 610 of the Companies Act, 1956 provides the inspection, production and evidence of documents kept by Registrar. It provides that ......

Doctrine of Substantive Ultra Vires
2nd Aug 2019
Introduction: For the purpose of making project in the subject Administrative Law, a very distinct and important topic has been taken as the central issue of it....

Wherever Law Ends, Tyranny Begins
23rd Jul 2019
Introduction: In India, kings were above the law. That was before the Britishers came in. After independence, and with the Constitution coming into force ......

Civil Suits on Public Nuisance
23rd Jul 2019
Introduction: Whether it is the noise of the loudspeakers or the dug up roads, the occurrences of public nuisance are numerous. Unnecessary and incessant honking of horns to blocking the sun in a public park, the concept of nuisance is spanned in a vast sphere of our lives....

Police in India
23rd Jul 2019
Introduction: It is strange that a democratic country such as India does not trust one of the most important administration organs of its elected government - the police. The ruling elite and middle class citizens see them as political decoys and blame politicians for not letting...

Prevention of Oppression and Mismanagement
23rd Jul 2019
Introduction: A company in a broad sense is a group of persons who have come together or who have contributed money for some common purpose and have incorporated themselves into distinct legal entity. Company is the amalgamation of two distinct words ......

Power to Pardon: An Analysis
23rd Jul 2019
Introduction: In common parlance, to pardon means to forgive a person of his offence. The term pardon has been defined as an act of grace, proceeding from the ......

Protecting the Interest of Minority Shareholders
23rd Jul 2019
Introduction: In the day-to-day working of a company, certain decisions need to be taken regarding the management of the company and these decisions are generally taken by the majority members. In this process of decision-making, there may arise certain occasions wherein the interests of the majority shareholders may come in conflict with that of the minority shareholders. In such a case, if the decisions ......

The Rule of Natural Justice
23rd Jul 2019
Introduction: Anil K Bansal describes the rules of natural justice as a hedge serving against blatant discrimination of the rights of individuals The words ......

The Law on Account Payee Cheques
23rd Jul 2019
Introduction: INTRODUCTION According to S. 6 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881, the term cheque is defined as “a bill of exchange drawn on a specified ......

Misjoinder and Non Joinder of Parties
23rd Jul 2019
Introduction: The civil cases, start with the institution of the case by one party against the another party and the competent court decides the rights ......

Competition Law SMP and Dominant Positions
23rd Jul 2019
Introduction: The following research paper is titled 'Competition Law: SMP and Dominant Positions'. Competition Law also known as Anti-trust law in various ......

Hindu Woman's Limited Estate
23rd Jul 2019
Introduction: Hindu Woman’s Limited Estate Is Abolished And Any Property Held By A Female Hindu Howsoever Accquired Is Now Held By Her As Absolute Property”- Discuss In Light Of Hindu Succession Act...

A Hindu Joint Family Setup
23rd Jul 2019
Introduction: A Hindu Joint Family setup is an extended family arrangement prevalent which has an enormous legal significance in India. Simply, a Hindu Joint Family would at best be described as, the lineal descendants and their dependants where,...

Whistle Blower Policy and the Indian Corporate Governance
22nd Jul 2019
Introduction: In this age of Globalisation, where economic motives precede over all virtues and traditions, protection of larger public interest from great corporate scandals has become matter of great importance....

Indian Environment
22nd Jul 2019
Introduction: Government has the duty to protect the ‘exhaustible natural resources from rash reckless spoliation’. This duty is also base on the Professor Joseph Sax’s doctrine of public trust....

Position of Interstate Trade in India
22nd Jul 2019
Introduction: Democracy is the art and science of mobilising the entire physical, economic and spiritual resources of various sections of the people in the service of the common good of all....

Refugee Law: The Indian Perspective
22nd Jul 2019
Introduction: India has had an age old tradition of according humanitarian protection to refugees and asylum seekers. It has followed a very liberal refugee ......

Informal Corporate Rescue Mechanism
22nd Jul 2019
Introduction: Modern corporate and banking practices around the world have, over the years, adopted various measures to deal with distressed companies and distressed debts/loans....

Law Forest Dwellers
22nd Jul 2019
Introduction: Law Forest Dwellers. Trees are friends of mankind and forests are necessary for the human existence either for the development or for providing place for habitation. In ancient times and as per some religious belief trees are worshipped...

Transfer of Property
22nd Jul 2019
Introduction: Section 100 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882(henceforth referred as 'the Act') defines a charge. “Where immoveable property of one......

The Assisted Reproductive Technologies
18th Jul 2019
Introduction: Legal decisions encompass assumptions about the nature of social life and notions about what constitutes 'proper' moral conduct....

Hydropolitics of the Indus Water Treaty
18th Jul 2019
Introduction: There are 261 international rivers in the world and the total surface of around seventy percent of the earth is covered with water ......

Best Judgment Assessment
18th Jul 2019
Introduction: Assessment means appraisal, evaluation, estimation, measurement, judgment etc. In the context income tax law it means then evaluation, estimation, or measurement of income....

Administrative-Law
18th Jul 2019
Introduction: he importance of any case law can only be understood by appreciating the facts and the role of the concepts of Rule of Law and Separation of Powers as dealt by Judges of Supreme Court in the case....

The Government of India Act
18th Jul 2019
Introduction: India has a long history of being in contact with and being invaded by foreigners. In the early years of the indigenous civilisation the Aryans ......

Business Connection and Income Tax Act
18th Jul 2019
Introduction: ‘Business connection’ has for long been recognized as a mode of determining the tax liability of non-residents. Although there is a passing ......

Legislative Executive and Judicial Functions
18th Jul 2019
Introduction: Separation of powers, a term coined by French political Enlightenment thinker Baron de Montesquieu , is a model for the governance of democratic ......

Doctrine of Public Accountability
18th Jul 2019
Introduction: Accountability refers to the process of holding persons or organisations responsible for performance as objectively as possible . India ......

Consumer Protection in India
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: Personal service items from a master and servant relationship which was totally different from a lawyer-client relationship or other professional or technical relationship....

Family Law
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: In terms of effectiveness of addressing the rights of illegitimate children, is the Hindu Succession Act 1956 a success?...

Restriction on Transfer of Shares
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: The intention behind a modern private company is dual: Firstly, to facilitate small traders or private persons carrying on a family business to avail of the advantages of corporate trading....

Property of ‘Any Kind’ May Be Transferred
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: The Transfer of Property Act, 1882 (hereinafter, the Act) is a civil legislation of immense importance owing to the vast number of property related......

Introduction to Competition Act
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: The competition act of 2002 was passed by the parliament of India so as to form a commission to oversee the business operations of companies and ......

Tax Benefits in Amalgamation
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: Mergers and acquisitions are an important tool of economic development and every effort should be made to incentivize the merger process in the country. Fiscal statutes form an important means of economic development by providing benefits to the concerned businesses. Large scale mergers are occurring at a fast pace within and outside the country. In this regard the income tax legislation ......

Supreme Courts Power to do Complete Justice
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: Ar. 142 (1) of the Constitution of India Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and orders as to discovery, etc. The Supreme Court in ......

Adoption and Indian Society
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: Adoption provides a very important function in Indian society. India has long tradition of child adoption. In older days, i......

Conditions and Warranties in Sale of Goods
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: Sale of Goods Act is one of very old mercantile law. Earlier this was a part of Indian Contract Act, 1872 in chapter VII (sections 76 to 123). But ......

Telangana Constitutional Issues
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: This paper traces the provisions and framework laid down in the Constitution of India with regard to formation of new states and alteration of boundaries to carve out new states. Since the formation of......

National Company Law Tribunal
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: The Companies (Second Amendment) Bill, 2002 has been passed by the Parliament and the law for it has been enacted. However, it is yet to come into ......

Public Interest Litigation
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: Public Interest litigation, itself says that this is a litigation for any public interest....

Free Transferability of Shares in Public
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: Restrictions on a shareholder’s ability to sell his stake in a company usually find its way through most Shareholders Agreements. Be it through a right of first ......

Concept Behind the Separation of Powers
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: The concept of Separation of Powers is a model for the governance of democratic states. The three branches of the government- the legislative, the ......

Customs is an Important Source of Law
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: Because of the working women belonging to the lower strata of the society, the various castes and tribes had relatively more woman oriented inheritance laws as opposed to the higher castes where women mostly just maintained the household....

Effectiveness of the Legal Provisions
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: The word maintenance in common parlance means the act of supporting. When we come upon the term maintenance in relation to the family structure, we only tend......

The Indian Forest and Wildlife Acts
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: A forest is a terrestrial ecosystem, where communities of plants and animals interact with one another and with the physical environment ......

Issue in the Industrial Jurisprudence
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: The definition of industry has always been a very contentious issue in the industrial jurisprudence and there have been an array of cases which ......

Jurisdiction of the Supeme Court
9th Jul 2019
Introduction: The Supreme Court has original, appellate and advisory jurisdiction. Its exclusive original jurisdiction extends to any dispute between the Government of India and one or more States or between the Government of India...

Lunacy or Unsound Mind, Mental Abnormality
9th Jul 2019
Introduction: It is referred to as lunacy or unsound mind, mental abnormality, disease of mind etc. an insane person cannot think and act as a normal human being....

Daughters Get Equal Share
3rd Jul 2019
Introduction: Women constitute half the world's population, perform nearly two-thirds of its hours, and receive one-tenth of the world's income and less than one hundredth of the property....

Corporate Disclosure and Transparency
3rd Jul 2019
Introduction: There is no gainsaying of the importance of corporate governance at a time when stock market interests have clambered up on to a much higher perch as compared to some years ago....

Plant Breeders Rights
3rd Jul 2019
Introduction: The concept of Intellectual Property was originally not extended to include plant variety management....

Composition of an Arbitral Tribunal
3rd Jul 2019
Introduction: INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND PICTURE Prior to the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 (hereinafter called ‘the Act’), the Arbitration ......

Enforcement of Foreign Arbitrary Awards
3rd Jul 2019
Introduction: With India’s progressive climb as a major international and global player in the world economy, it is apposite to understand its credibility ......

Land Disputes
3rd Jul 2019
Introduction: The presumption that the law makes is that between buyer and seller ownership passes when they intend it to pass....

Borrowing as a Commercial Activity
2nd Jul 2019
Introduction: Borrowing is a very common commercial activity and there are various ways and instruments existing in today’s world to facilitate this activity....

Centre State Relations and Power Separation
2nd Jul 2019
Introduction: The meaning of the theory of separation of powers is ‘The theory that the functions of the government should be performed by different bodies ......

Common Property Resources in Indian Context
30th Jun 2019
Introduction: Common Property Resources are usually non-exclusive resources to which rights of use are distributed among a number of co-owners, generally identified by their membership in a community or a village....

Property Carries With it Certain Basic Rights
30th Jun 2019
Introduction: Ownership of the property carries with it certain basic rights, such as a right to have the title to the property, a right to possess and enjoy it to the exclusion of everyone else, and a right......

Criticism Of The Nyaya Panchayat Bill
28th Jun 2019
Introduction: Article 39A of the Constitution mandates that the opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of social, economic ......

Companies and Borrowing Power
28th Jun 2019
Introduction: INTRODUCTION Every trading company has an implied power to borrow, as borrowing is implied in the object for which it is incorporated ......

Civil Court and Code of Civil Procedure
28th Jun 2019
Introduction: The term ‘Civil Court’ has not been defined in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 or in any other law in force in the country. In Ganguli ......

Law Relating To Pecuniary Bias
28th Jun 2019
Introduction: Administrative law is that branch of law which concerns the functioning of the administration and the relation between individuals and ......

Characteristic of all Human Societies
27th Jun 2019
Introduction: Commerce and trade has been a characteristic of all human societies from time immemorial. With the expansion of trade it was necessary to branch out and set up mercantile establishments in places far from the successful parent store....

The Mutual Delegation of Administrative Power
25th Jun 2019
Introduction: The framers of the Constitution of India envisaged a federal system of governance for India. Though, a controversy still persists regarding whether the nation is a ‘federal government’ in the true sense of the term....

The Banking Sector and its Impact
25th Jun 2019
Introduction: The text reported in the project is the outcome of my own efforts and no part of this report has been copied in any unauthorized manner and no part in it has been incorporated without due acknowledgment....

Income Deemed to Arise in India
25th Jun 2019
Introduction: The scope of Total Income is determined under Section 5 of the income Tax Act, 1961. It varies according to the Residential status of the assessee ......

Statutory Arbitrations and Conciliation
25th Jun 2019
Introduction: The dispute which may be the subject of an arbitration agreement need not necessarily arise out of a contract. They may also arise out of ......

Passing of the Ex Parte Decree
25th Jun 2019
Introduction: An ‘Ex parte decree’ is a decree passed against a defendant in absentia. Despite service of summons, where on the date of hearing only ......

Suits By and Against Government
25th Jun 2019
Introduction: Sections 79 to 82 and Order 27 of the Code lay down the procedure where suits are brought by or against the Government or public officers. The ......

Restrictions on Company Purchasing Own Shares
24th Jun 2019
Introduction: “There is only one combination of facts that makes it advisable for a company to repurchase its shares: First, the company has available funds -- cash plus sensible borrowing capacity -- beyond the near-term needs of the business ......

Hostile Takeovers Regulations
24th Jun 2019
Introduction: The recent M&A boon in india has comprised exclusively of friendly deals, and since its economic liberalization in 1991, India has experienced ......

Inter State River Water Disputes
24th Jun 2019
Introduction: India’s unique federal structure has offered diverse constitutional and political problems for the judiciary and the executive. A particular ......

Suits of a Civil Nature
24th Jun 2019
Introduction: Before we look at the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (hereinafter referred to as the CPC) with reference to the jurisdiction of civil courts ......

Delegated Legislation in Tax Laws
24th Jun 2019
Introduction: Deciding how tax laws operate in a country and actually implementing them requires significant planning and coordination between different ......

Industrial Dispute Act
24th Jun 2019
Introduction: PLA Project Industrial Dispute Act was enacted to provide machinery and forum for the settlement of conflicting and seemingly irreconcilable ......

A Note on Corporate Criminal Liability
24th Jun 2019
Introduction: Introduction Corporate crimes and frauds have been prevalent for as long as commercial enterprises have been in existence. These involve criminal ......

Role of Promoters in Company Establishment
24th Jun 2019
Introduction: Preface  When an individual has an idea for a new business venture, he or she may set about interesting others in the venture and persuade them ......

Section 9 of Indian Income Tax Act
24th Jun 2019
Introduction: Section 9 of the Income Tax Act, 1961(hereinafter referred to as ‘Act’) is a sort of a legislation which may be extra-territorial, and time ......

Unruly Horse on a Run
14th Jun 2019
Introduction: Abstract The ONGC v. Saw Pipes Judgment has been widely criticized by all quarters of the legal fraternity, and rightly so. This ruling ......

Definition of Industrial Dispute
14th Jun 2019
Introduction: The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, is an effort on the part of the government to normalize industrial relations in India. This legislation ......

The Various Types of Cheques
14th Jun 2019
Introduction: INTRODUCTION Section 6 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 defines cheque as “a bill of exchange drawn on a specified banker and not ......

Retrospective Amendment on Finance Act
7th Jun 2019
Introduction: The paramount object of an amendment is to mould the law for social welfare. Law which fails to fulfill its objective cannot be termed as a good ......

'Divorce Under Hindu Law'
7th Jun 2019
Introduction: Amendment of Section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 is required in order to include irretrievable breakdown of marriage as a ground......

Conflicts Between the President and PM
7th Jun 2019
Introduction: Ever since the independence of the country and subsequent adoption of the Constitution, the President has been considered just to be a titular ......

Sedition Law and Indian Democracy
7th Jun 2019
Introduction: The law of sedition as provided for in Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code, has indeed had an extraordinary history. This highly controversial ......

Freedom of Speech and Expression
7th Jun 2019
Introduction: Speech is Gods gift to mankind. Through speech a human being conveys his thoughts, sentiments and feeling to others. Freedom of speech and ......