Articles tagged as EU Law

EU law, or European Union law, is a system of law that is specific to the 28 members of the European Union. This system overrules the national law of each member country if there is a conflict between the national law and the EU law.

View All Law Study Resources

EU Law

Latest Law Papers tagged as EU Law

Including law essays, dissertations, problem questions, case summaries, and law lectures, suitable for law students working towards their LLB / LLM qualifications or those studying for the new SQE.

Many Influences on Parliament
Administrative Law
Introduction: The influences on parliament can be many, including pressure groups, the media, reform bodies and many more.... Last modified: 23rd Sep 2021

The Sources of Human Rights
Constitutional Law
Introduction: The primary source of human rights are UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the treaties that followed. Other human rights existed before they were recognised by the UN Charter.... Last modified: 22nd Sep 2021

Doctrine of Supremacy of EU Law
Administrative Law
Introduction: In a series of important rulings the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has developed the doctrine of supremacy of European Union (EU) Law.... Last modified: 22nd Sep 2021

The Free Movement of Goods
EU Law
Introduction: The free movement of goods is an essential element of the internal market and both EU legislation and the decisions of the Court of Justice support the achievement of this aspect of economic integration.... Last modified: 21st Sep 2021

Judicial Precedent as a Source of Law
Judicial Law
Introduction: An overview of Judicial Precedent and the advantages and disadvantages of this doctrine in the English legal system with case examples.... Last modified: 20th Sep 2021

Francovich v. Italy [1991]
Case Summaries
Introduction: One of the defining and controversial characteristics of the European Union has been the supranational nature of its institutions and laws. European laws can take the form of primary laws, which consists of the intergovernmental treaties, and secondary laws in the form of regulations, directives and decisions which are passed by the Commission.... Last modified: 7th Sep 2021

Soering v UK
Case Summaries
Introduction: Soering v United Kingdom (1989) concerns Articles 3, 6 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) 1950 and the potential extradition to the USA by the UK of a West German national to face trial in Virginia, USA on a murder charge.... Last modified: 7th Sep 2021

Malone v Metropolitan Police Commissioner - 1979
Case Summaries
Introduction: Malone (M) was charged with handling stolen property. During the Crown Court prosecution of M, the prosecution admitted that the Post Office (P) had intercepted M’s telephone conversations under the authority of the Secretary of State for use by the police.... Last modified: 7th Sep 2021

Ireland v United Kingdom 1979-80
Case Summaries
Introduction: Ireland v United Kingdom1 is a European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) principally concerning the threshold at which ‘cruel and unusual treatment’ becomes ‘torture’ for the purposes of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)... Last modified: 7th Sep 2021

Flaminio Costa v ENEL - 1964
Case Summaries
Introduction: Established the supremacy of European Community laws over the national laws of Member States. The claimant, Costa, was an Italian citizen with shares in the Italian electricity supply company Edisonvolta, and he sought to oppose moves by the State to nationalise the electric industry.... Last modified: 6th Sep 2021

Osman v UK
Case Summaries
Introduction: Case Summary of Osman v United Kingdom (UK) Case No: 87/1997/871/1083. Mrs Mulkiye Osman was born in Cyprus in 1948 and her son, Ahmet Osman, was born in England in 1972.... Last modified: 6th Sep 2021

Van Gend en Loos v Nederlandse Administratie
Case Summaries
Introduction: Established that EEC’s treaties were legitimate grounds for the recognition of legal rights and thus famously recognised the principle of direct effect. The claimants, van Gend en Loos, imported chemicals from Western Germany to the Netherlands where they were asked to pay import taxes.... Last modified: 6th Sep 2021

Liability for Goods Lecture
Lecture Notes
Introduction: The purchaser of goods, which turn out to be defective, will sue in contract for breach of the terms implied by the Sale of Goods Act 1979, or the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1982, which cannot be excluded against a consumer (Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977).... Last modified: 2nd Sep 2021

Judicial Precedent Lecture 1
Lecture Notes
Introduction: Judicial precedent means the process whereby judges follow previously decided cases where the facts are of sufficient similarity. The doctrine of judicial precedent involves an application of the principle of stare decisis ie, to stand by the decided.... Last modified: 2nd Sep 2021

Human Rights Interpretation and Application in UK Law
Lecture Notes
Introduction: Prior to the enactment of the Human Rights Act 1998, the European Convention was directly relevant to statutory interpretation because it could not be a source of rights and, unless a statute was ambiguous, it could not be used for statutory interpretation.... Last modified: 2nd Sep 2021

European Court of Justice (ECJ) Lecture
Lecture Notes
Introduction: The function of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), which sits in Luxembourg, is to ensure that in the interpretation and application of the Treaty of Rome the law is observed (Article 220 (ex 164), Treaty of Rome).... Last modified: 2nd Sep 2021

Abuse of Refusal to Supply under Article 82EC
Commercial Law
Introduction: The abuse of refusal to supply is quite wide in its scope but certain elements are fundamental to its application. Discuss.... Last modified: 31st Aug 2021

Does the EU Suffer From a Democratic Deficit?
EU Law
Introduction: In the research of this particular assignment the author has discovered that there is credence to the argument of ‘democratic deficit’, when one examines the democratic origins of the various bodies involved in the policy making process of the EU at present. ... Last modified: 31st Aug 2021

Extra Judicial Punishments and Killings
Constitutional Law
Introduction: Extra Judicial Killing is the killing of a person by governmental authorities without the sanction of any judicial proceeding or any legal process. Extrajudicial Punishments are unlawful by nature, because they break the process of legal jurisdiction in which they occur.... Last modified: 26th Aug 2021

Duties and Obligations of a Liquidator - Malta
Business Law
Introduction: Explain and discuss the duties and obligations of a liquidator of a limited liability company which has been wound up upon an order by the Court. The relevant provisions relating to the local law concerning insolvency are found mainly in the Companies Act (chapter 386 of the Laws of Malta) and the Commercial Code.... Last modified: 11th Jun 2021

EU Judgments on the Real Seat Approach to the Domicile of Companies
EU Law
Introduction: How Far Have The Judgments Of The European Court Of Justice In The Cases Of C-212/97 Centros, C-208/00 Uberseering And C-167/01 Inspire Art And Later Cases Undermined The Power Of Member States To Apply The “Real Seat” Approach To The Domicile Of Companies?... Last modified: 10th Jun 2021

Human Rights Convention
Human Rights Law
Introduction: Human Rights Convention. The Human Rights Act 1998, came into force in full on 2nd October 2000; guaranteeing the Convention rights of the individual against interference by the state and enabling people in the UK to enforce these rights and liberties in UK courts.... Last modified: 18th Mar 2021

European Court of Human Rights Act
Administrative Law
Introduction: HUMAN RIGHT ACT 1988 The Human Rights Act 1998 is a United Kingdom Act of Parliament which received Royal Assent on November 9, 1998, and ...... Last modified: 18th Mar 2021

Human Rights Act 1998 and the Law Relating to Land
General Law
Introduction: The Human Rights Act 1998 (which incorporate the European Convention on Human Rights into our law (the Convention)) is having a significant impact on domestic law, and when it was implemented in October 2000, there was a lot of speculation about its effect...... Last modified: 18th Mar 2021

Unintended Uses of the Human Rights Act
Constitutional Law
Introduction: After the incorporation of European Convention of Human Rights via the Human Rights Act 1998, there have been considerable critical commentaries ...... Last modified: 18th Mar 2021