Tag: EU Law

Articles

Protect the Environment Requires Strict Enforcement
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: To begin with a brief explanation of what Secondary legislation is? It is law made by an executive authority under powers given to them by primary legislation in order to implement and administer the requirements......

End of the Real Seat Theory
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: In a long awaited judgement delivered on 5 November 2002,(1) the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has ruled that it is incompatible with the freedom of establishment guaranteed in Arts....

The Council of Europe and Cybercrime
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: The Council of Europe was founded in 1949 by 10 member countries. Today, it is made up of 47 countries, including all members of the European Union....

R (Bidar) v London Borough of Ealing
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: Analyse the Court of Justice ruling in The Queen (on application of Dany Bidar) v London Borough of Ealing & Secretary of State for Education and Skills...

European Community and National Law
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: European Community and National Law - The relationship between community and national law was established in one the earliest cases to......

The European Union
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: The European Union (EU) is the unification of at present twenty-seven independent states based on the European Communities originated to enhance political, economic and social co-operation....

Human Rights Law
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: “The freedom of expression constitutes one of the essential foundations of a democratic society, one of the basic conditions for its progress and for the development of everyman”,...

Francovich v Italy
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: One of the defining and controversial characteristics of the European Union has been the supranational nature of its institutions and laws....

Non-discrimination Legislation
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: The European Union has actively been involved with non-discrimination legislation since the 1970s when gender equality laws were introduced....

What is the EU?
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: Cooperation between the EU member states is largely based on facilitating the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital within the EU, ......

European Court of Human Rights of Transsexuals
17th Jul 2019
Introduction: For over the past 30 years or so, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) was 'reluctant to recognise any positive duty upon the United Kingdom� towards legal recognition of the new sexual identity of transsexuals....

One of the Most Important Rights
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: The meaning of the term 'worker' is a matter of European Community law and holds the same meaning in all EU Member States. The primary feature ......

Le Fanu v Malcolmson - 1848
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: The Plaintiffs were the owners of various factories in Ireland. They raised an action of libel against newspaper publishers....

R (Gentle) v Foreign Secretary
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: The claimants were the mothers of two British servicemen killed serving in Iraq. Inquests were to be held into the circumstances......

Lister v Forth Dry Dock
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: Following financial difficulties, the defendants, Forth Dry Dock, entered receivership. Forth Dry Dock was sold to a third party company......

The Principles of Supremacy
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: The principle of direct effect was created by the ECJ in the revolutionary case of Van Gend en Loos. Effectively it confers direct effect on EC law......

Judicial Protection of Prisoners Rights
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: The issue of prisoners’ rights has recently taken to the headlines of our national newspapers once again, the focus this time on the matter of overcrowding. Mr. Justice Michael Reilly,...

European Union Council
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: European Union Council. Before I take up the question of undemocratic nature of the institutional structure of EU, I would like to consider the major power-wielder institutions....