Tag: EU Law

Articles

EU Legislation
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: When the Noxious Plant Directive was adopted in December 2006, it should have been implemented by all Member States by January 2008,...

What is Direct Effect?
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: First of all what is Direct effect, it is a rule that goes under the European Union law and the European Court of justice established the Direct effect...

Kaya v Turkey (1999) 28 EHRR 1
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: Kaya v Turkey (1999) 28 EHRR 1. Unlawful killing by state action and failure to bring to justice the perpetrator(s)....

The UK is Bound by Laws of the EU
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: Courts of the UK, when facing an issue regarding EU Laws often seek guidance from the European Court of Justice. Citizens of member states......

The Community Designs Regulation
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: The Community Designs Regulation was adopted on 12 December 2001.A Community Design has been categorised into unregistered Community design and registered Community design....

HP Bulmer Ltd v J Bollinger SA
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: The appellants, Bulmer, created a product called Babycham which they also described as ‘champagne perry’. The claimants, Bollinger, asserted that the......

Kokkinakis v Greece - Case Summary
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: Kokkinakis v Greece 1993 ECHR 20. Freedoms under article 9, article 10 and article 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights...

Dhanani v Crasnianski
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: The defendant, Mr Crasnianski was a scientist and inventor. He met the claimant, Mr Dhanani by chance on the Eurostar whilst travelling from Paris to......

European Court Justice Treaty
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: European Court Justice Treaty. Article 234 of the EC Treaty, is a judicial device which provides the European Court of Justice (ECJ) with the power to ensure that the law established by the Treaties has the......

Osman v UK
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: Case Summary of Osman v United Kingdom (UK) Case No: 87/1997/871/1083. Mrs Mulkiye Osman was born in Cyprus in 1948 and her son, Ahmet Osman, was born in England in 1972......

Free Movement of Companies
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: The paper analyses the arguments for a 14th Company Law Directive. In analysing this issue, the research will focus on current European company law and analyse......

DPP for Northern Ireland v Lynch
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: On the 29th January 1972, the appellant was instructed by members of the IRA to drive them to a specific location in Belfast. One of the men in the car......

Macarthys v Smith
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: The claimant, Ms Smith, was a factory employee of the defendants, Macarthys, for which she received a salary of £50 per week. She complained......

Human Rights Freedom
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: Human Rights refers to the fundamental rights and freedom enjoyed by human beings, mainly dealing with individual rights and responsibilities......

Francovich v. Italy [1991]
16th Jul 2019
Introduction: Case C-6&9/90 Francovich v. Italy [1991] ECR I-5357. Supranational nature of its institutions and laws...

Matthews v Ministry of Defence - Summary
13th Jul 2019
Introduction: Matthews was an electrical mechanic in the Royal Navy for some 13 years. Decades after his service ended he was diagnosed as having asbestos-related......

The European Union Competition Law
9th Jul 2019
Introduction: The European Union competition law only applies to ‘undertakings’. In Article 101, 102 (ex Article 82 EC) and 106(ex Article 86 EC) of the TFEU there was no specific definition of undertakings, this lead......

Single Market in the European Union
9th Jul 2019
Introduction: The Treaty established the European Economic Community in 1957 which opened the doors to eliminating the tax barriers within the community and put ......

Trade Mark Quality
9th Jul 2019
Introduction: An end consumer is deceived if he buys a good presuming it to have been originated from a certain source where actually it is not. The trade mark......